How to act if you have hit an animal in Spain

It sometimes happens that you get involved in a collision between an animal and a vehicle, in most cases with a car. But what should you do if that happens and who is liable? It turns out that not many people know exactly, so it's time for a short explanation. The most frequent collisions with animals in Spain are those with dogs or cats and also horses, cows and wild boar that are increasingly common on the Spanish roads.

There is nothing worse than driving on a road and coming into collision with or another vehicle, cyclist or stray animals. According to the Spanish traffic service DGT, there were at least 856 accidents involving animals in 2017, some with fatal consequences for both the animals and the occupants of a vehicle. The chance of an accident with a running animal is quite large in Spain as there are many roads that cross a natural landscape.

Hunting season
Most accidents take place in the spring, autumn and winter during which it is somewhat quieter in the summer when it comes to animals on the roads. One of the reasons why more accidents occur on the Spanish roads outside the summer is the hunting season. In the aforementioned seasons may be hunted in Spain which often causes animals to flee and then panic roads with all the consequences. On most roads there are road signs indicating that animals can cross the road but most people do not look at it. In addition, in Spain you also have to be extra alert when there are signs along the road with the text "coto de caza" which means that there is a hunting area.

Which animals
In Spain most of the accidents involving animals are caused by a collision with wild boar and roe deer but it also happens that collisions take place between vehicles and cows, horses, sheep and of course smaller animals such as dogs, cats and rabbits. In some places, it is also possible to collide with the protected Iberian Lynx, especially in the south of Spain.

Most accidents happen when an animal suddenly crosses a road and a car driver can no longer avoid the collision. On the contrary, and therefore drive something against it. In addition, there are also accidents when a car driver tries to bypass a dog, cat or other animal that has already been hit by driving around and then driving somewhere. According to the association of companies that take care of the maintenance of the Spanish roads, 1000 animals are killed every day on the roads.

What to do
As mentioned earlier, an accident can take place in two ways: either a direct collision with an animal or by trying to avoid it and then get an accident. Of course, it is always best to reduce the speed and keep the eyes extra open to be aware of possible surprise on those roads where it is indicated that animals can walk on the road. But that is unfortunately not always enough and it can still happen that a collision takes place. Some tips from the Spanish DGT (Traffic Service).
The most important thing is to prevent it by paying extra attention and always anticipating traffic.

Avoid using a horn when seeing an animal on the road. This can frighten an animal and react uncontrollably by acting in panic.

If a collision has occurred and it is a heavy animal or an animal of large size, then 112 (police) to call who then send help. In the case of smaller animals, it is advisable to take them to a veterinarian or call 112 (police) who will do this for you.
Is there an animal on the road and has not been hit yet, then slowly passes over so that it does not scare.

If you see an animal walking over the road, pay extra attention because often they do not walk alone and unexpectedly a second or third animal can arrive.

If a collision is unavoidable, brake hard and also push the clutch all the way to go straight ahead and not to turn left or right. If it is not safe to do this action, such as with more traffic behind you, try not to avoid the animal because it can lead to dangerous situations.

If the collision has taken place, make sure everything goes safely afterwards by wearing a reflective vest, placing warning triangles which are made of reflective materials and calling in for help without jeopardizing your car.

If a collision has occurred then there is often damage, but who is responsible for that damage. The owner of an animal is (risk) liable for the damage the animal inflicts on others. Debt plays no role in this. A possessor is someone who keeps the animal for himself. Usually this will be the owner. But it can also be the man's keeper, for example, who uses your horse for lessons. The neighbor boy who is exhausting your dog is not a possessor. He does not keep the dog for himself. There are cases where the owner is not liable. This is the case with, for example, force major or severe weather.

Pets are not only dogs and cats, but also farm animals such as horses, cows and sheep. The owner is liable, because the pet has caused the damage. For example, when the dog suddenly crosses the road. We call this risk liability. The owner must compensate the damage. The claimant must prove that the animal has caused damage. So make a note of witness evidence directly for a testimony. It is important for pets to wear clothing with reflective materials or reflective tapes.

Animals that live in the wild (deer, roe deer, wild boar, etc.) do not own. There is therefore not liable party to turn to for compensation. With a full or limited insurance it is possible to claim the damage with your car insurance. The policy conditions state whether this type of damage is covered.  

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Attention to motorcyclists!

On Saturday, April 14, Oradea will officially open the motor season 2018. On this occasion, starting at 14:00, the march will be held on the many routes.

Recommendations for motorcyclists
"In order to enjoy the spring, we, the policemen, recommend:

Use an approved helmet that meets current safety standards.

Always wear safety clothing as this can only provide you with good protection during an accident and protects you from the weather. We advise you to opt for modular "layered" equipment so you can adapt it to the changing weather conditions.

Be visible! Wear bright, reflective clothes! Add additional reflective material or wear a reflective vest. Always keep the headlamp lit and run to the position where drivers can easily see you in the rear view mirror (2/3 of the belt width). Avoid dead angles of other vehicles.

Approach curves with moderate speed without cutting them! Many accidents happen because of the opposite direction.

Keep eye contact - do not assume that others see you. Always try to have visual contact with the drivers that might be about to intersect your trajectory. Anticipate your partner's intentions! Even when drivers, cyclists and pedestrians see you are approaching, they often mistakenly judge the distance and speed. Do not rely solely on their good reaction.

Beware of vehicles at turns and intersections! The most common type of motorcycle crash is generated by drivers who are not assumed to turn left or to change the lane

Be prepared for hazardous road conditions - wet road, liquid leakage, sand, gravel, tramway, pits and other road surface danger that can severely affect your adhesion by generating accidents and... MOTORS!  

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Wear a reflective vest on the ride

The association Les Cyclomotivés undertook, on a Saturday morning, their 26th walk in the streets of the city and pushed to Laloubère and Soues.

To realize, again, that it is not easy to travel by bike. The proof, the road of Soues, no development bike is provided on a portion of road yet new but narrow and therefore dangerous.

Roundabouts, cyclists speak of "roundabouts" especially that of the swimming pool as well as the discontinuities between bike lanes and undeveloped passages as on the bridge of the Marne.

On that day, under a cool sun, the organizers were able to note, among the 16 participants who wearing reflective vests, the presence of families with very young children who denounce the lack of development and the dangerousness of the city while they choose to return to the bike.

The association will participate in the "Think About" operation to encourage cyclists to make themselves visible with the chasubles, reflective tapes and the light pack.

Finally, members of the Mopeds send a small wink to the town hall asking the question: do you have to be sporty to ride a bike?

To avoid derogation from the traditions, at the end of this walk, they shared the "pot" of friendship and tried to redo the circuit with a detour through the news of the week.  

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Industrial sites can be visited

In an approach of opening towards sites which do not have a tourist reputation, the tourist office of Grand Figeac plans certain visits to industrial sites. The Bagnac quarries, lend themselves to this experience for two years.

Friday, July 20 marked the second opening. At 10 o'clock, about fifteen people, equipped with a helmet and fluorescent reflective vest, were about to survey the terrain. No! We do not walk on foot in this mineral immensity, a minibus will transport everyone point to point over the various sites.

And, what better than Jean-Marc, the director to serve as a guide. We will learn that Quarries have been officially exploited since 1876, that the first crusher was set up in 1913, that today 240 000 tons of materials are mined.

We will review the geology, the history, the implementation of new methods of exploitation, the automation of the posts, and we will even be able (very far) to attend the preparation of shots of mines. A journey that ends, after two exciting hours on a belvedere which we can see the permanent movement of the site, the reserves of cleaning water and especially to realize the efforts made to recomposition places (thousands of replanted trees and shrubs) and contemplate the wildlife that has already taken possession of the circus (hawks, swallows, ravens ...).  
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Wearing reflective vests

For the past week, members of the Traffic Enforcement Squad have been conducting a zero tolerance campaign against motorcyclists who do not wear reflective vests during the evening.

The police use the strong way against motorcyclists who do not wear reflective safety vests at night. In recent days, elements assigned to the Traffic Branch and the Traffic Enforcement Squad (TES) are present at various points of the country after dark. Their duties include "severely sanctioning" motorcyclists for non-wearing reflective vest, driving without lights, or without proper lanterns, or defective.

Targeted regions
A senior police officer close to the file explains that "this long-term operation aims to make motorcyclists aware of the importance of wearing reflective vests during the evening. There are many serious accidents involving motorcycles that occur during the night and this is due to the lack of visibility of motorcyclists. The latter often tends not to wear reflective vests as required by law.

At the police pressure cell, Inspector Shiva confirms the implementation of the zero tolerance operation. He states that a list of the areas where the police will be present has already been drawn up. The targeted regions are Port Louis, and various northern regions, according to overlap.

"Two-wheelers are reckless and sometimes tend to underestimate the risks when they hit the road. Any collision involving motorcycles can be fatal. The idea behind the repression is to remember that the wearing of the vest is primarily important for the safety of the motorcyclist. "says Barley, author of the Complete Driver's Guide.

Daniel Raymond, a special advisor on road safety at the Ministry of Public Infrastructure, points out that "repression is the most direct way of tackling the non-wearing of reflective vests with reflective tapes for some motorcyclists. Wearing a vest has no social or economic constraint. It's just a question of road safety. Currently, the road looks like a jungle because each user does what he wants. For now, we must use the strong method because we do not have much choice. But the ministry will soon implement a road traffic control system. It will be a long-term plan. "  

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Transporter captures a dark-clad pedestrian

A pedestrian has been hit by a car and injured on Tuesday morning. The cause of the accident claimed to have seen the lady dressed in black, without any reflective materials on clothing went outside in the dark.

The accident happened shortly after 7am on the main street when the 60-year-old woman parked her car at the house number 72 on the side of the road, got out and crossed the street, ignoring the traffic flow.

The 39-year-old driver of the approaching VW Transporter recognized the "dark figure" too late. He caught the passer-by with the front bumper of his vehicle. This caused the woman to fall - she fell to the ground and suffered minor injuries. The 60-year-old was taken as a precaution to the nearest hospital. About the nature and severity of her injuries is not known.

At the transporter there was no detectable damage. The driver got away with the shock. Because of the rescue measures and the accident recording it came in the traffic to short-term traffic obstructions.

The police appeal to pedestrians and motorists in this context: more caution - more consideration! Especially in the dark season is in local thoroughfares, busy streets and near schools and kindergartens increased care! Drivers should adjust their pace, watch the roadside and be ready to brake. Conversely, pedestrians should always take into account that they cannot be perceived as well by motorists due to the lighting conditions - especially if they wear dark clothes. So it is important to wear a reflective vest at night. Reflective tapes that can be attached to the outerwear help to improve visibility. And if in doubt, you'd better wait for a moment on the roadside until the car is over instead of risking an accident.  

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Other countries, other driving customs

Most German motorists were already traveling abroad with their car. But not all know the foreign rules of travel from the bottom up. Nearly every fourth person rarely or never gets, familiar with the most important local traffic regulations before they travel.

According to Frank, car insurance expert and lawyer, research before traveling abroad are important in order to avoid stress and sometimes heavy fines: "In Europe, there are some different laws in road traffic," says Frank. Anyone who informs themselves early, beautiful nerve and wallets. Because: "If the speeding ticket from abroad was previously regarded as an inconsequential souvenir, traffic offenses are being persecuted across Europe."

Tip number 1: light on - even during the day. In many European countries, motorists are obliged to use light during the day, for example in the Czech Republic, Slovenia, Italy, Poland or Switzerland. Who does not turn on the headlights, risk fines. In Italy car travelers pay penalties of at least 41 Euros, in the Czech Republic about 75 Euros. To be on the safe side, motorists abroad should always use light.

Also for safety vests differ depending on the destination country. Who wants to avoid fines, the vest should always have at hand and in any case be informed in advance about the prescribed number and the duty to carry. Any car driver, for example, in France outside built-up areas in the carriageway area, must by law wear a safety reflective vest with reflective tape - or pay a fine of at least 90 Euros.

If there is an accident abroad, holiday makers with the European Accident Report and the Green Card are on the safe side. The card lists all the important insurance data to facilitate claims settlement within Europe. European Accident Report helps to create a log of the accident. The report is available for free download from ADAC.  

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The safe way to school

Dear students, dear parents and relatives, the big summer holidays are almost over and it's that time again! Many ABC protégés start a new school year, and for many the first year begins in school life. The way to school poses a great challenge to many students, increasingly dense road traffic poses danger, especially for our youngest children.

We, the police, want your children to be safe at school and back home, whether on foot, by bike, by bus, or car. Unfortunately, there are still traffic accidents involving children en route to or from school.

In Rhineland-Palatinate, a total of 144 children on school trips was injured in 2017, in which 109 children were injured and 1 child lost his life.

Police Birkenfeld participated in the "Round Table" in 2017 on the topic "Safe Way to School in Birkenfeld" in cooperation with representatives of the city, schools and school authorities, public transport and the association of municipal councils. Despite the fact that, fortunately, no school-path accident has occurred in Birkenfeld in recent years, the goal still remains to make the way to school as safe as possible in order to prevent school-leaver accidents.

Although the police Birkenfeld every year traffic prevention in kindergartens for the preschool children, but above all the parents are required to prepare their children on the way to school and sensitize. Such as wearing safety clothing with reflective materials.

This includes, in particular, going off to school with the child and presenting sources of danger, especially when crossing streets, children often misjudge the speed of approaching vehicles. - Children should wear bright and reflective clothing in order to be recognized by other road users in time. - If children are brought by car to school, and the way to school is so short, they must be transported in suitable child seats up to the age of 12, which are smaller than 150cm. - When traveling by bike, a safe bicycle and wearing a safety helmet and a safety vest should be understood. The police also appeals to the other road users, drive especially in the area of schools with reasonable speed, be ready to brake and always expect a misconduct of the inexperienced school children.

In Birkenfeld, in front of the school center, it was discovered that parents had to park their sidewalks while waiting for their children and children inevitably had to dodge the road. The large space guarantees a safe entry and exit.

In particular, at the beginning of the new school year, police Birkenfeld will mainly monitor the school routes. Speed violations, the non-use of suitable restraint systems and violations in stationary traffic are consistently punished. The police Birkenfeld wishes all students a good start to the new school year and an accident-free way to school!  

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Police intercept cyclists without light

Suspension fork, disc brakes, aluminum frame - the young man's mountain bike are evidently perfectly equipped for a tour through the woods or in the mountains. In the rush hour traffic on the south street in Sankt Augustan, however, the sport bike is quite unsuitable. "The young man is now a very good example, how it should be done under no circumstances," says Guido Hoffmann. "No lights on the bike and then also dressed dark," police chief commissioner Guido Hoffmann, head of traffic accident prevention at the district police Hein, determined. On the way, the cyclist is a danger for himself and for others: If it comes to a collision, a motorist almost always has a fault. "because the car is a danger to the operation," explains Hoffmann.

Between 20 and 25 measures, such as verbal warnings or fines, are issued by Hoffmann and his colleagues when they carry out an approximately one-hour bicycle check. Again and again, they are at schools or accident areas in the district. However, the young man on a mountain bike does not have to pay a fine, because he simply pushed his bike past the office. "It always gets around quickly when we stand and control somewhere," says Hoffmann.

The police counted 242 traffic accidents involving bicycles until October of this year, about 1.7 percent more than in 2016. Not least because of these numbers, the police had their action "safe bike" revived in November. Cyclists were able to rectify deficiencies found free of charge at local bicycle dealers. Only needed spare parts had to be paid. At the same time, the officials of the transport service find a worrying development.

Wheels always lighter, faster and more powerful
As the wheels become lighter, faster or even more powerful (in the case of e-bikes), the distractions on the road and driver abilities increase. To observe that is already the youngest, as Karin of the traffic accident prevention explained. As part of traffic education at primary schools, officials observe that children are increasingly having problems controlling their bicycles. "They just do not ride the bike that often, so the exercise is missing," says Karin.

Police chief arrest another cyclist. Lapel light, on his bike only gives a rather miserable glow. "I'm just on the way to the supermarket and buy new batteries there," said the arrested. Karin leaves it at a reminder.

Since 2013, attachable lamps are allowed in traffic. "Recently, they only have to be carried when the visibility demands, not the same way they used to be at any time," explains Hoffmann. Flashing lights are not allowed. Obligatory are also two yellow cat eyes per wheel or a reflective tape on the tire, reflectors on the pedals and a white reflector at the front and a red behind. Not all bikes are equipped that way, especially sport bikes. The fines due have partially increased since October, for example in the case of mobile phone use on the bike (see box). No wonder then that the officials regularly hear excuses, such as "had not expected that it is already dark" or "my dynamo has only just solved," said Hoffmann.

Cyclists who use their bikes day - for example, to get to work - are generally well-equipped. "They keep their bike in good shape," says Hoffmann. More and more often you can see that cyclists and pebbles increasingly rely on reflective safety vests. In the opinion of the police a laudable step. "Reflective clothing makes you visible at a distance of 140 meters". However, lighting and reflectors on the wheel do not replace the west. For Karin, there is still a gratifying reunion at the end of the check. Apparently back from shopping, the previously warned cyclist greets you as you drive by: with new batteries and bright light.  

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With protective vests and gloves

Plastic waste is becoming an ever greater problem for the environment. Since 2014, an initiative has taken care of regularly cleaning the place from dirt. Soon there will be another major action.

"I have a good feeling, and I think this year we can crack the 130-participant mark," says Hubert with regard to the large circular plaster and the swan gauze on 17 March. Hubert is founder of the initiative "stay clean".

Since 2014, this is a platform for all those who want to do something against the littering of the home. "We meet regularly to collect garbage. Once a year we do a bigger action, this action takes place every two years," said the 62-year-old. Last year, Webster and his colleagues could look forward to more than 130 participants. This year could even be more, because kindergarten and the youth fire brigade have already confirmed their participation.

In all four districts on March 17 helpers set out to free their village of carelessly discarded. The local government supports the action and provides the equipment for the collectors. A safety vest with reflective tapes , gloves and garbage bags are a must for environmentalists. They also have bike trailers and buckets.

Community donates helpers a snack

"At first we thought we'd have enough baskets to carry the garbage, but we soon realized that because of the amount of garbage, it must be at least a bicycle trailer." Tongs are also available to the helpers. However, this is only for more experienced garbage collectors, says Webster. Because you need a bit of power to operate the device: "Most of them simply collect by hand."

Webster is especially happy about children and young people who wears reflective vest with reflective materials join in. Because you could change something sustainable in the attitude. Meaning, who sees how much garbage lies around, maybe even throws so thoughtless away. In addition, children also have the adventure character. "The children were very enthusiastic last year, so of course it was also about who found what kind of things," says Webster.

The fact that in all work the sociability does not come too short. The community donates a snack on the cleaning day and every year in May they meet to take stock together. "The garbage is not less," Webster can already say with certainty.

Anyone who has time on Saturday, March 17, can take part in the cleaning. "People between the ages of three and over 80 are with us," says Hubert Webster. Many come by spontaneously. But you can also register with Webster and his colleagues in the other districts.

In addition to a Vesper from the community, there is also money for individual participants. From the district four Euros, from the community in another euro. Usually, this will be donated.  

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